Table of Contents
What is difference between atom ion and isotope?
An atom is a single nucleus (protons and neutrons) with optional electrons. An ion is an atom where the number of electrons and protons are different (which gives it an electrical charge) – often described as them having “lost” or “gained” electrons. … Isotopes are variants with different numbers of neutrons.
How are ions and isotopes similar and different?
Isotopes are atoms that have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons. … Ions are atoms that have either gained or lost electrons. Every atom has the same number of electrons and protons. If an atom gains an electron, it gets a negative charge.
Can an isotope also be an ion?
Isotopes are atoms that have the same numbers of protons but different numbers of neutrons. An ion is an atom that has gained or lost electrons, so it now has more or fewer electrons than it does protons. … All atoms are isotopes and if an isotope gains or loses electrons it becomes an ion.
How do you find isotopes and ions?
The number of protons in atoms, isotopes and ions equals the atomic number of the element. The number of neutrons equals the mass number of the atom minus the atomic number. The atomic number and average atomic mass (the weighted average of the mass number of all isotopes) can be found on the Periodic Table.