What is considered a canyon?

What is considered a canyon?

A canyon (Spanish: cañón; archaic British English spelling: cañon) or gorge is a deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from weathering and the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales. … Slot canyons are very narrow canyons that often have smooth walls.

Which is the deepest gorge in the world?

The Kali Gandaki Gorge or Andha Galchi is the gorge of the Kali Gandaki (or Gandaki River) in the Himalayas in Nepal, by some measures the deepest gorge in the world.

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How many types of valleys are there?

There are three main types of valleys, the V-shaped valley, the flat floored valley and the U-shaped valley. V shaped valleys are valleys formed by rivers, they have a V-shaped cross-section and very steep sides.

What are the characteristics of a canyon?

The movement of rivers, the processes of weathering and erosion, and tectonic activity create canyons. The most familiar type of canyon is probably the river canyon. The water pressure of a river can cut deep into a river bed. Sediments from the river bed are carried downstream, creating a deep, narrow channel.