Table of Contents
What is another name for somatic cells?
Somatic cells, by definition, are not germline cells. In mammals, germline cells are the sperm and ova (also known as "gametes") which fuse during fertilization to produce a cell called a zygote, from which the entire mammalian embryo develops.
Where are germ line cells in humans?
Germ cells are cells that create reproductive cells called gametes. Germ cells are located only in the gonads and are called oogonia in females and spermatogonia in males. In females, they are found in the ovaries and in males, in the testes.
What are examples of somatic cells?
Hence, all body cells of an organism – apart from the sperm and egg cells, the cells from which they arise (gametocytes) and undifferentiated stem cells – are somatic cells. Examples of somatic cells are cells of internal organs, skin, bones, blood and connective tissues.
Are somatic cells haploid or diploid?
Like all cells, somatic cells contain DNA arranged in chromosomes. If a somatic cell contains chromosomes arranged in pairs, it is called diploid and the organism is called a diploid organism. (The gametes of diploid organisms contain only single unpaired chromosomes and are called haploid.)
What is another word for body cells?
Somatic cells are all of the other cells in that organism, such as the ones that make up bones, blood, and organs in mammals. The adjective somatic means "of the body," from the Greek word somatikos, also "of the body," with its root of soma, "body, mass, person, or human being."