Table of Contents
- 1 What does deontological mean?
- 2 What is Kantian theory?
- 3 What is a consequentialist ethical theory?
- 4 What is the concept of natural law?
- 5 What is ethical egoism in philosophy?
- 6 What is a normative principle?
- 7 Who developed the categorical imperative?
- 8 What is the feminist perspective on ethics?
- 9 What is justice research?
- 10 How is good determined in prima facie duties?
What does deontological mean?
In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, "obligation, duty") is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action.
What is Kantian theory?
Kantian ethics refers to a deontological ethical theory ascribed to the German philosopher Immanuel Kant. … Central to Kant's construction of the moral law is the categorical imperative, which acts on all people, regardless of their interests or desires.
What is a consequentialist ethical theory?
Consequentialism is the class of normative ethical theories holding that the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of that conduct. … Consequentialist theories differ in how they define moral goods.
What is the concept of natural law?
Historically, natural law refers to the use of reason to analyze human nature to deduce binding rules of moral behavior from nature's or God's creation of reality and mankind. The concept of natural law was documented in ancient Greek philosophy, including Aristotle, and was referred to in Roman philosophy by Cicero.
What is ethical egoism in philosophy?
Ethical egoism is the normative ethical position that moral agents ought to act in their own self-interest. It differs from psychological egoism, which claims that people can only act in their self-interest.
What is a normative principle?
Normative ethics is the study of ethical action. It is the branch of philosophical ethics that investigates the set of questions that arise when considering how one ought to act, morally speaking. … Most traditional moral theories rest on principles that determine whether an action is right or wrong.
Who developed the categorical imperative?
The categorical imperative (German: kategorischer Imperativ) is the central philosophical concept in the deontological moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Introduced in Kant's 1785 Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, it may be defined as a way of evaluating motivations for action.
What is the feminist perspective on ethics?
Feminist ethics is an approach to ethics that builds on the belief that traditionally ethical theorizing has undervalued and/or underappreciated women's moral experience, which is largely male-dominated, and it therefore chooses to reimagine ethics through a holistic feminist approach to transform it.
What is justice research?
In research ethics, justice is the fair selection of research participants. Justice is the ideal distribution of risks and benefits when scientists conducting clinical research are recruiting volunteer research participants to participate in clinical trials.
How is good determined in prima facie duties?
In The Right and the Good, Ross lists seven prima facie duties, without claiming his list to be all-inclusive: fidelity; reparation; gratitude; justice; beneficence; non-maleficence; and self-improvement. In any given situation, any number of these prima facie duties may apply.