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How do you know if you have gingivitis or periodontitis?
Signs of gingivitis include red, swollen gums, or gums that bleed easily when you brush your teeth. It is the mildest form of gum disease and since it is so common, you may not notice the symptoms if you have them. Periodontitis refers to advanced periodontal disease.
Is gum disease the same as gingivitis?
Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually precedes periodontitis (gum disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. In the early stage of gingivitis, bacteria in plaque build up, causing the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing.
How does gingivitis turn into periodontitis?
In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth (recede) and form pockets. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect more bacteria and debris and can become infected. The body's immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line.
Can you fix periodontal disease?
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.